Package org.eclipse.microprofile.config

Configuration for Java Microprofile


For many project artifacts (e.g. WAR, EAR) it should be possible to build them only once and then install them at different customers, stages, etc. They need to target those different execution environments without the necessity of any repackaging. In other words: depending on the situation they need different configuration.

This is easily achievable by having a set of default configuration values inside the project artifact. But be able to overwrite those default values from external.

How it works

A 'Configuration' consists of the information collected from the registered ConfigSources. These ConfigSources get sorted according to their ordinal. That way it is possible to overwrite configuration with lower importance from outside.

By default there are 3 ConfigSources:

  • System.getProperties() (ordinal=400)
  • System.getenv() (ordinal=300)
  • all META-INF/microprofile-config.properties files on the ClassPath. (ordinal=100, separately configurable via a config_ordinal property inside each file)

That means that one can put the default configuration in a META-INF/microprofile-config.properties anywhere on the classpath. and the Operations team can later simply e.g set a system property to change this default configuration.

It is of course also possible to register own ConfigSources. A ConfigSource could e.g. read configuration values from a database table, a remote server, etc

Accessing and Using the Configuration

The configuration of an application is represented by an instance of Config. The Config can be accessed via the ConfigProvider.

  Config config = ConfigProvider.getConfig();
  String restUrl = config.getValue("myproject.some.endpoint.url", String.class);

Of course we also support injection via a JSR-330 DI container:

  private String restUrl;