Package jakarta.xml.soap

Provides the API for creating and building SOAP messages. This package is defined in the Jakarta SOAP with Attachments specification.

The API in the jakarta.xml.soap package allows you to do the following:

  • create a point-to-point connection to a specified endpoint
  • create a SOAP message
  • create an XML fragment
  • add content to the header of a SOAP message
  • add content to the body of a SOAP message
  • create attachment parts and add content to them
  • access/add/modify parts of a SOAP message
  • create/add/modify SOAP fault information
  • extract content from a SOAP message
  • send a SOAP request-response message

References in this document to SAAJ refer to the Jakarta SOAP with Attachments API unless otherwise noted.
References in this document to JAXB refer to the Jakarta XML Binding unless otherwise noted.

In addition the APIs in the jakarta.xml.soap package extend their counterparts in the org.w3c.dom package. This means that the SOAPPart of a SOAPMessage is also a DOM Level 2 Document, and can be manipulated as such by applications, tools and libraries that use DOM (see for more information). It is important to note that, while it is possible to use DOM APIs to add ordinary DOM nodes to a SAAJ tree, the SAAJ APIs are still required to return SAAJ types when examining or manipulating the tree. In order to accomplish this the SAAJ APIs (specifically SOAPElement.getChildElements()) are allowed to silently replace objects that are incorrectly typed relative to SAAJ requirements with equivalent objects of the required type. These replacements must never cause the logical structure of the tree to change, so from the perspective of the DOM APIs the tree will remain unchanged. However, the physical composition of the tree will have changed so that references to the nodes that were replaced will refer to nodes that are no longer a part of the tree. The SAAJ APIs are not allowed to make these replacements if they are not required so the replacement objects will never subsequently be silently replaced by future calls to the SAAJ API.

What this means in practical terms is that an application that starts to use SAAJ APIs on a tree after manipulating it using DOM APIs must assume that the tree has been translated into an all SAAJ tree and that any references to objects within the tree that were obtained using DOM APIs are no longer valid. Switching from SAAJ APIs to DOM APIs is not allowed to cause invalid references and neither is using SAAJ APIs exclusively. It is only switching from using DOM APIs on a particular SAAJ tree to using SAAJ APIs that causes the risk of invalid references.

Discovery of SAAJ implementation

There are several factories defined in the SAAJ API to discover and load specific implementation:

First three define newInstance() method which uses a common lookup procedure to determine the implementation class:
  • Checks if a system property with the same name as the factory class is set (e.g. jakarta.xml.soap.SOAPFactory). If such property exists then its value is assumed to be the fully qualified name of the implementation class. This phase of the look up enables per-JVM override of the SAAJ implementation.
  • Use the configuration file "". The file is in standard Properties format and typically located in the conf directory of the Java installation. It contains the fully qualified name of the implementation class with the key being the system property defined above.
  • Use the service-provider loading facilities, defined by the ServiceLoader class, to attempt to locate and load an implementation of the service using the default loading mechanism.
  • Finally, if all the steps above fail, SAAJMetaFactory instance is used to locate specific implementation (for MessageFactory and SOAPFactory) or platform default implementation is used (SOAPConnectionFactory). Whenever SAAJMetaFactory is used, its lookup procedure to get actual instance is performed.